Many technical terms and even everyday words are often used and understood very differently.

So in the future, below you will find an alphabetical listing of terms and contexts as I use or understand them. This way of handling has proven to be very helpful in my practice, as a mutual understanding greatly enhances communication. Also, this will provide a more open perspective on how I work. Until recently I have exclusively used the German language for my services. Therefore, please be so kind and allow some time to transfer the former german content into applicable context and add new content. Thank you!

This list also is alive and will be added to continuously! Please feel free to ask questions and I will be happy to take your suggestions.


Awareness exists to the extent that a person is able to perceive and steer her or his own actions and feelings consciously and actively. There is no awareness within the so-called "blind spot".


Ayurveda - Traditionell Indian Medicine (TIM)
Ayurveda (science of life) is the oldest known teaching of health, disease and healing today, with documented beginnings reach back into the time before the birth of Christ.

Like Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Ayurveda has a holistic view of the human organism and its functions and remains a valid holistic health tradition to this day.

It prevents disease and is able to support classical medical treatments. In addition to a variety of body-related methods, Ayurveda also includes meditation, breathing exercises and yoga and can therefore also be used in a supportive and meaningful way in the context of coaching.


Belonging is a basic human need, as we are designed as social beeings.

Blind Spot
In (social) psychology, the "blind spot" refers to the area of those personal characteristics and behaviours that we cannot or sometimes do not want to perceive in ourselves.

This results in a deviation of the self-perception (self-image) from the perception of the person by others (third-party image), since others may very well perceive these characteristics and behaviours.


Chakra / Chakras
The term chakra derives from Sanskrit (sacred language of India) and means "wheel" or "circle". Chakras are centers of subtle life energy of every living body.

In our physical body they are located in the spinal cord as well as the nerve networks, such as the solar plexus (solar plexus), one of the seven main chakras.

A disturbed or blocked energy flow of the chakras, which are also of central importance i.e. in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), can lead not only to physical, but also mental and emotional problems, e.g. concentration difficulties, unhappiness as well as mood swings and much more.

For me, compassion describes the quality of being able to empathize with the emotional state of others without judging them. This requires a good contact with one's own emotions as well as healthy boundaries.

We may very well have the ability to criticise others, but may not be able to take any criticism offered to ourselves. In case we want to express our own impressions towards another person, e.g. about their behaviour and/or opinion, as criticism, it is crucial to do so in an adequate and appreciative way without insulting them. The ability to take criticism offered to us, means, that we are able to accept this criticism without being offended or even feeling hurt and also without uncounsciously re-acting or "taking revenge". Both components can be a general characteristic of a person and also a situational ability that may vary. In this respect, the "golden feedback rule" of only giving welcome feedback is particularly important for successful communication.


A diagnosis is the identification and precise denomination of a physical or mental disorder (disease).

A diagnosis is usually made by a physician, non-medical practitioner or psychological psychotherapist. The basis for this is e.g. in the US the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual..." (DSM-5), in Germany the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) of the World Health Organization (WHO). So far, an alignement of the different systems is still outstanding.

Coaches and psychological counselors are generally not authorized to give a diagnosis, although they may have aquired profound expertise through their personal and professional experience and self conducted studies and trainings.

In our Western world, the term "disease" is used to describe a physical, mental or psychological disorder that is recognizable by certain symptoms. Its detection and determination (diagnosis) is based on these symptoms. Coaches and psychological counselors are generally not authorized to give a diagnosis, although they may have aquired profound expertise through their personal and professional experience and self conducted studies and trainings. It is also important for a successful coaching process to be aware of a client's existing dis-eases in order to be able to take them into account appropriately and - if necessary - to consult with specialists in charge.


Satisfaction / enforcement of one's own needs and interests whilst being aware of belonging to and impacting one's own environment through one's own actions. In this respect, egoism is a necessary quality to be able to lead a self-determined life.

Enforcement of one's own interests "at any price" and without consideration for the interests of others involved. Awareness of both one's own needs and those of others is usually absent, and actions are largely, but not always, unconscious.

Empathy refers to the ability to put oneself in the shoes of others and to feel sympathy in the sense that one can empathize with their emotional state. This also requires a good contact with one's own emotions and ideally includes a full freedom from judgment.

External Image
The image that other people may form of us based on their own perceptions. It usually deviates from one's own self-image, since every person has a "blind spot" in which s/he does not perceive certain characteristics and behaviors of her/his self.


Feedback refers to giving feedback to another person about their own perceptions, e.g., to help resolve a blind spot.

The "golden rule of feedback" states that feedback should only be given upon explicit request or after the consent of the person concerned and is a basic rule of mindful interaction.




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This term, which is not yet widely perceived in general public, derives from the long-standing and extensive research of the HeartMath. Institute in Boulder Creek, California / US.

These studies were able to prove, among other things, that the knowledge lived by the indigenous peoples of this earth, to control our behavior not only with the mind, but above all in harmony with our intuition and our emotions, represents one, if not the, essential factor for a successful life in every respect.
This resulted in a method that enables individuals as well as groups and institutions to implement these very helpful findings with the help of a biofeedback method for themselves in everyday life in a very practical way.

Although not having been trained as certified HeartMath® coach or trainer myself, I am very well convinced of this method from my own experience and am therefore very happy to recommend it to others.
In case of interest, you may find more information via the link below:

This term refers to the findings of Elaine Aron, PhD and means HHighly SSensitive P HPerson. PHigh sensitivity refers to the characteristic of having a significantly deeper and also wider perception than the average of one's environment. This characteristic, which in itself is initially a special talent, usually also leads to more complex ways of perceiving and thinking.


Inner Child
The inner child is a symbolic term for the part of a person's psyche that contains feelings, behavioural patterns and beliefes experienced and learned in childhood, which could not be transformed in the course of her/his later life in order to become a self-reliant adult, as these "patterns" were stored deep down in the neural pathways of the brain.

This part then unconsciously determines a person's behaviour, and can lead to conflicts - initially beyond the person's ability to understand.

Inner Team
The inner team model refers to the totality of different components of the human psyche that may sometimes be in conflict with each other, e.g. the "inner child" versus the "inner adult".

This explanatory model is helpful when considering inner conflicts, e.g. in decision-making processes.


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One simple approach to mindfulness refers to the awareness of one's own needs as well as the needs of others, and includes a gentle and appreciative approach to both these needs and to each other.



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The term 'personality' refers to the totality of a person's personal characteristic and individual traits and behaviours. The personality development of a person can be meaningfully supported and also focused in a goal-oriented manner within the setting of coaching.

Pity - in distinction to compassion - rather stands for a feeling of sympathy and regret towards people who are in an unfortunate situation or condition and includes an evaluative moment in order to avoid feeling one's own affliction.


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Against the background of many and sometimes very complex approaches to definitions and conceptual differentiation in public discussion, I believe that the extremely different interpretations of "reality as such" by each and every one of us are already the result of the differences in our respective and very personal ways of perceiving ouselves, others and our shared environment.

Let's look at the following example:
Though a deaf person cannot hear sounds, they are part of the everyday reality of most of us. If we were all deaf, however, we would not perceive them auditorily - they would nevertheless exist in their specific form, just outside our spectrum of perception.


Ability not only to simply withstand stress or being under threat, but also to recognize a (personal) sense of purpose even in very difficult situations, and thus to remain receptive to learning and appropriately flexible.

Sie ermöglicht nach Rückschlägen, in Situationen der Ungewissheit und unter starkem Druck (z.B. auch in Krisen) den Boden unter den Füßen immer wiederzugewinnen und selbstbestimmt handlungsfähig zu bleiben.

Resilience is an individual trait of an individual and also a collective one, i.e. of groups (e.g. families, teams, corporations, society) and is trainable.


The image a person forms of her- or himself based on her or his own perception.

It usually deviates from one's own self-image, since every person has a "blind spot" in which s/he does not perceive certain characteristics and behaviours of her/his self.

Self-reflection refers to the ability to critically question and contemplate one's own attitudes, behaviours and other personal characteristics. It is a fundamental precondition for successful personality development.

The term spirituality goes back to the Latin word "spiritus", which means breath, breeze, soul and also (life) spirit.

Today the term is often used in the context of esoteric practices and extrasensory phenomena, but it originally only meant the conscious integration of one's own being into a larger whole, be it society, humanity itself, the universe, or even a religious affiliation in the sense of an universal connectedness.

Since an understanding of spirituality is not a regular part of learning and teaching in Western countries, the people undergoing spiritual awakening often experience a great deal of (self-)insecurity, which one may refer to as a spiritual crisis.

This phenomenon may be individually considered within the setting of coaching by drawing on knowledge from many ancient Eastern spiritual teachings.

Spiritual Bypass  .
Refers to the escape into higher spiritual realms which may - due to a lack of sufficient connectedness to mundane necessities of life - lead to a loss of the capacity to organise one's daily life.


Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
Traditional Chinese medicine reaches back some 3,000 years and considers the human being as a complex system with an inseparable unity of body, mind and soul (spirit).

It is a holistic energetic approach that combines many alternative and gentle healing methods, including acupuncture, special massages, medicinal and nutritional therapies, Qigong and Tai Chi Juan, a sacred martial art.

In Deutschland darf jeder und jede zur Ausübung der Heilkunde berechtigte Person - also im Wesentlichen Ärzte und Heilpraktiker - TCM ausüben.

TCM treatment by respective specialists can be effectively accompanied and supported by coaching and psychological counseling. In addition, the thought models of TCM offer alternative approaches when dealing with conflict situations also for the context of coaching, which in turn can be meaningfully supported by targeted TCM treatments.

Transformation is commonly understood to be the process of changing something that already exists, be it for instance mathematical functions or human characteristics such as behaviours and mindsets.

So können im Rahmen eines Coachings z.B. bestimmte Verhaltensweisen eines Klienten, die ihm selbst nicht verständlich oder vielleicht sogar unangenehm sind, in eine für ihn zweckdienlichere Form gebracht -  also transformiert - werden.


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What would you like to know?


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